Non-medical use of prescription stimulants among US college students: Prevalence and correlates from a national survey. Anxiety, depression, and substance use disorders have frequently been reported in university students (Auerbach et al., 2018; de Girolamo et al., 2012; Kessler et al., 2007), which have been associated with poor academic performance (Auerbach et al., 2016; Auerbach et al., 2018; Bruffaerts et al., 2018) and suicidal ideation (Mortier et al., 2018). Study findings revealed that depressive symptoms were reported significantly more by obese male students (28.6%) than overweight (10.6%) and normal weight (9.5%) male students. The measures used included the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Minnesota Impulsive Disorder Interview (MIDI). Help seeking and treatment use among suicidal college students. Interactions between the Winter 2020 term and the week of the academic term (linear and quadratic) were significant. After conducting a systematic search strategy, identification, and screening based on eligibility criteria, only 12 studies were found to be relevant, and the majority of these studies had limitations in the methods used, such as use of convenience sampling, online surveys with low response rates (Eisenberg et al., 2011; Odlaug et al., 2015; Petrov et al., 2014; Sulkowski et al., 2011), use of cross-sectional survey design (Odlaug et al., 2015; Sulkowski et al., 2011; Taylor et al., 2013), and use of self-report measures (Elhai et al., 2012; Houghton et al., 2018; Petrov et al., 2014). J Med Internet Res. A search strategy was built with the assistance of a medical research librarian to identify publications exploring the prevalence of mental health disorders in university students in the United States. OCD symptoms were assessed using the DSM-IVTR criteria. Sun S, Folarin AA, Ranjan Y, Rashid Z, Conde P, Stewart C, Cummins N, Matcham F, Dalla Costa G, Simblett S, Leocani L, Lamers F, Sørensen PS, Buron M, Zabalza A, Guerrero Pérez AI, Penninx BW, Siddi S, Haro JM, Myin-Germeys I, Rintala A, Wykes T, Narayan VA, Comi G, Hotopf M, Dobson RJ; RADAR-CNS Consortium. Among students, the strict isolation measures have meant that schools, colleges, and universities across the world have temporarily closed and this is predictably affecting their mental health (Cao et al. In contrast, mental health problem may affect anyone at any age, and may significantly impair one’s ability to form daily activities. In a study conducted on the prevalence of poor sleep quality in college students, with a sample of 1,125 students aged 17 to 24 years from an urban university in the midwestern United States, participants responded to a cross-sectional online survey on sleep habits using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Horne-Ostberg Morningness-Eveningness Scale, Profile of Mood States, and Subjective Units of Distress Scale. Mental disorders are common among college students, have onsets that mostly occur prior to college entry, in the case of pre-matriculation disorders are associated with college attrition, and are typically untreated.  |  Prevalence and correlates of being overweight or obese in college. There were four research studies that addressed the prevalence of PTSD and compulsive spectrum disorders, including compulsive sexual behavior, body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), body dysmorphic disorder, health anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (Elhai et al., 2012; Houghton et al., 2018; Odlaug et al., 2015; Sulkowski et al., 2011). Third, we identified a small number of studies, which demonstrates lack of studies in this field. Depressive symptoms, stress, and social support among dental students at a historically black college and university. Laurence, B., Williams, C. & Eiland, D. (2009). Emerging adulthood: Developmental period facilitative of the addictions. (2018). First, have the behaviors and mental health of the participants changed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic compared to previous time periods? eCollection 2020. & Kendler, K. S. (1994). 2008;4:1–32. A study conducted at a state university in the southeastern United States used the SLEEP-50 instrument to assess sleep disorders among 1,845 students (Gaultney, 2010). 90–96, 2015. One review protocol focusing on mental disorders among university students in low-middle income countries has also been published (January et al., 2018). Results showed that 22% of students reported moderate depression with a cut off score of >20 on the BDI-II, and 10% of students reported suicidal thoughts in the past 12 months, 8% had a suicide plan, and 4% had attempted suicide. In addition, these findings highlight the need for ongoing assessment that considers social changes, diagnostic criteria changes, and the evolving needs of this population. Eisenberg, D., Nicklett, E. J., Roeder, K. & Kirz, N. E. (2011). A., Vincent, K. B. Standalone Smartphone Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Based Ecological Momentary Interventions to Increase Mental Health: Narrative Review. & Lunghofer, L. (1995). doi: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.3.022806.091415. There are multiple studies on non-medical use of stimulants, which is a significant concern in this population (McCabe et al., 2005; Wilens et al., 2008). are few of the many problems reported in students with high academic stress(Deb, Strodl& Sun, 2015;Verma, Sharma & Larson, 2002).Incidences of depression were also found among stressful adolescents as it is linked with inability to concentrate, fear of failure, negative evaluation of future, etc. We could not find prevalence studies for general mental disorders, such as depression and ADHD, conducted on undergraduate students exclusively. A study of mental health among standard tribal school students. By combining mobile phone sensing and self-reported mental health data among college students who have been participating in a longitudinal study for the past 2 years, we sought to answer two overarching questions. B., Peluso, M. J., Guille, C., Sen, S. & Mata, D. A. Thirty-five percent of students reported distress related to skin picking. Results of the current review reveal the high prevalence of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students, which points toward the need for strengthening early screening and mental health services in university settings. The prevalence of depression reported was significantly higher among females (25%) than males (17%) (Roberts et al., 2010). The following search terms were used: undergraduate, students, university, mental health disorders, and prevalence. (2013), where weighted prevalence of depression was reported as 30.6% globally, whereas in the current review, prevalence of depression was found to be 22% in the United States. A total of 5,021 students were randomly selected, and the survey was completed by 2,822 students in 2005, with a follow-up survey completed by 753 students 2 years later. Body-focused repetitive behaviors: More prevalent than once thought? Methods: While this large-scale shift in mental health and behavior is unsurprising, its characterization is particularly important to help guide the development of methods to reduce the impact of future catastrophic events on the mental health of the population. Furthermore, no significant differences in prevalence estimates of PTSD per DSM-IV and DSM-5 were reported in the study (Elhai et al., 2012). There is a paucity of literature on the prevalence of schizophrenia among university students; however, studies have suggested that the onset of psychotic symptoms occurs in adolescence and persists into early adulthood. Front Public Health. The current study has some limitations. Cheek biting was the most common subclinical BFRB reported by students. Over the past several years, mental health and wellness among veterinary students has become an important area of study. Emerging adulthood. Sulkowski, M. L., Mariaskin, A. Health care practitioners can play an important role in the early screening of mental health disorders using basic screening tools. 2020 Sep 25;22(9):e19992. Lund, H. G., Reider, B. D., Whiting, A. DSM = Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. About 45% of the participants had mental health problems. Health generally means sound condition of body or freedom from mental diseases. (2009). Address correspondence to Harmeet Kaur Kang, PhD, MSN, BSN, RN, Professor, Chitkara School of Health Sciences, Chitkara University, Punjab, India, 140401; email: -, Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho CS, Ho RC. MeSH terminology, truncations, and Boolean Operators were used as applicable for PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases. 4 Discussion 4.1 Summary of results. Furthermore, to our knowledge, there are no systematic reviews conducted on the prevalence of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students in the United States. The aim of the present study is to examine the level of spiritual intelligence, mental health and quality of life and also to see relationship among these three variables. The mental health of university students is an important global concern. The sample consisted of 1168 participants These services include materials to increase awareness, recognize symptoms of mental illness, and the availability of screening and referral services. Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder symptoms in college students. Since the early 2000s, reports of increased rates of mental ill health among young people worldwide have received much attention. Age of onset of mental disorders: A review of recent literature. PLoS One. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. International Journal of Indian Psychology , 8 (4), 248-250. Study findings reported a high percentage (72%) of students engaged in BFRBs. Digital phenotyping for mental health of college students: a clinical review. doi: 10.1017/S2045796020000931. 200 high school students from Government and Private schools in and around Salem city, Tamilnaduwere selected through stratified random sampling and the data was collected withEducational Stress Scale … & McGorry, P. D. (2012). Tell us what you think about Healio.com », Get the latest news and education delivered to your inbox, Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20201104-03, Committee on Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults et al., 2015, Managing Workplace Violence With Evidence-Based Interventions: A Literature Review. Similarly, Häfner et al.