The Philippine institutional arrangements and disaster management systems tend to rely on a response, or reactive approach, in contrast to a more effective proactive approach, in which disasters are avoided, by appropriate land 346 Economic Damage from Natural Hazards and Local Disaster Management Plans in Japan and Thailand Makoto IKEDA Asian Disaster Reduction Center, Kobe, Japan Unsurprisingly, poor households (Χ 2 = 7.7; p = 0.02) exposed to frequent disasters tend to suffer greater losses than wealthier households ( Fig. Constructing Disaster Vulnerability Vulnerability to disaster is predicated on inequalities between people, households, groups, and communities. 4 Approaches to Disaster Management - Examining the Implications of Hazards, Emergencies and Disasters The objective of this work is to discuss and illustrate different approaches used in vulnerability assessment for hydro-meteorological hazards (i.e. landslides and floods, incl. Vulnerability Overhead Transparencies 1.12.1. Understanding Women's Vulnerability Factors to Natural Hazards in Afghanistan Marina HAMIDZADA and Ana Maria CRUZ Synopsis Disaster management is a global challenge. Important underlying health risks such as non-communicable disease are not included in vulnerability measures. Vulnerability is constructed socially • it is mainly the result of social, economic, political and cultural factors in decision-making • it is becoming harder to reduce. 2.2 Vulnerability in Economic Strengthening In development, much of the discussion on vulnerability emerges from the disaster management sector, drawing upon its eponymous theoretical framework. The economics of investing in disaster risk reduction 6 2. Despite the importance of health vulnerability in disaster risk assessment, most of the existing disaster vulnerability indicators only emphasize economic and social vulnerability. RISK AND VULNERABILITY IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT Risk :The probability of harmful consequences, or expected losses, resulting from interactions between natural or human-induced hazards and vulnerable Driven by the adapted disaster vulnerability framework (Fig. xxiii Investing in disaster risk reduction can reduce vulnerability Economic vulnerability to disaster depends significantly on a country’s economic structure and fiscal dynamics as well as on the overall size of the economy. [2.2, 2.6] [2.2, 2.6] Vulnerability and exposure are dynamic, varying across temporal and spatial scales, and depend on economic, 29.2. The UN uses an economic vulnerability index as one criterion for classifying a country as “least developed,” and for a time the UN published a “world economic vulnerability monitor.” Some of these scholars, professionals, and practitioners are only concerned in the short term with the identification of people, groups, and systems at risk and the application of solutions that reduce risk. Presently, vulnerability is used in the field of risk, hazard, and disaster management as well as in the areas of global change and environment and development studies. Terry Cannon, one of the original developers Disaster, as defined by the United Nations, is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society, which involve widespread human, material, economic or environmental impacts that exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources [1]. Coburn A W, Spence R J S and Pomonis A 1994 Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (Cambridge, UK: UNDP Disaster Management Training Program) Google Scholar Cutter S L and Finch C 2008 Temporal and spatial changes in social vulnerability … conceptualization. Economic aspects of urban vulnerability and disaster mitigation. ERIA-DP-2020-19 ERIA Discussion Paper Series No. Sustainable livelihoods and vulnerability to disasters Benfield Greig Hazard Research Centre, Disaster Management Working Paper 2/2001 23. A Disaster Occurs When Hazards and Vulnerability Meet 1.12.2. 3 ). influence the way disaster management programs are now being planned and financed. However, women and men are not affected equally by o For each indicator, 8 socio-economic variables, • Disaster Management Index. International Society for Photogrammetry and Chang & M.S. which are also mainstream development concerns. Trends in disaster losses are unsustainable. A three- … Risk Assessment & Disaster Management Plan Star Hotel Project, Alappuzha 20 Table 1.1 classification of Hazards Vulnerability may be defined as “The extent to which a community, structure, services or geographic area is 311–320). Poverty, … In the second half In F.Y. Disaster risk Community perception Vulnerability Mitigation Disaster management Citation Nirupama, N. (2012), "Risk and vulnerability assessment: a comprehensive approach", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the disaster management with development planning in that most predisaster activities, involve activities for vulnerability reduction like poverty reduction, employment provision etc. The 4th session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction took place in Geneva on 19-23 May 2013. This conception of This paper illustrates the concept of vulnerability within the disaster management cycle from a geospatial perspective. Vulnerability theories During the 1970s and especially the 1980s the relationship and disaster risk management strategies. Application of social vulnerability indices in disaster management and identification of vulnerable people and regions are not novel. Relative disaster loss for different economic groups (N = 374) (low loss: 0–20% of relative loss; medium loss: >20 to 50% of relative loss; high loss: >50% relative loss). There are initiatives aimed at reducing social and economic vulnerability and investing in long-term mitigation activities. The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED)2 lists the following number of reported disasters The high and rising economic costs of disasters Unfortunately, the number of reported disasters remains high. Oxford: Elsevier. Sheu (Eds. 5. Hazards Vulnerability Disaster crunch model D I S A S T E R Trigger event Unsafe conditions 5 PART A Engendering the ‘crunch model’ 1 First developed by Blaikie, Wisner et al, in 1994. ERIA-DP-2014-03 ERIA Discussion Paper Series Disaster Management in ASEAN Yasuyuki SAWADA Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA) Fauziah ZEN Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. WHO/EHA/EHTP Draft 1-1999 1.12. Progress Report of the Thematic Platform on Emergency and Disaster Risk Management for Health Progress Report on Formed in 2009 through the initiative of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Global Science Forum in 2006, GEM participants represent national research and disaster management institutions Disaster Risk Management and Vulnerability Reduction: Protecting the Poor By Dr. Suvit Yodmani Paper Presented at The Asia and Pacific Forum on Poverty Organized by the Asian Development Bank Dr. Suvit Yodmani is the Unfortunately such 1), we used an array of qualitative methods including semistructured interviews, informal discussions, and participatory hazard mapping, to collect qualitative data on Emae Island, Vanuatu in early 2016. Weaknesses: • Not hazard specific, measures intrinsic vulnerability • Strategically it is very clever because of its language • Comparative power is ), Urban disaster mitigation: The role of engineering and technology (pp. [22] Punia M., Punia N. Socio-economic vulnerability and sustainable development in context of development vs. conservation debate: A study of Bhagirathi Basin, Uttarakhand, India. Assessing the Social and Economic Vulnerability of Urban Areas to Disasters: A case study in Beijing, China Gao Xiaolu , Yuan Haihong , Qi Wei , Liu Shenghe International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development 2(1), 42-62, 2014 However, all the terms we use—disaster, community, vulnerability, and Disaster management is widely regarded as a cyclic multi-stage concept starting with (1) a response phase after a disaster strikes, followed by (2) risk analysis and (3) mitigation efforts to minimize the impacts of future disasters. 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