The new light, which was shown from December 1st 1886, gave four flashes in quick succession every half minute, It had an elaborate dioptric apparatus which enabled Thomas Stevenson’s dipping plan to be adopted so that the strongest beam of light could be directed much nearer the shore in hazy or foggy weather.  Recipes> In 1790 a lightkeepers’ entire family was suffocated by fumes, except for an infant daughter, who was found alive 3 days later. Isle of May Lighthouse, SC, United Kingdom Marina. The Isle of May lies at the mouth of the Firth of Forth, 5 miles from the Fife mainland and 11 miles from East Lothian.  Magazines>  Scottish Festivals>  Scottish Forenames> The coal-fired beacon was established around 1635 and was originally much taller than what remains here but was no more than an open fire at the top of the tower. Originally constructed to work in conjunction with the main lighthouse (NT69NE8). There are now no permanent residents, but the island was the site of a priory (St. Adrian's Priory) during the Middle Ages.  Gaelic/Scots> Category B Date Added 01/03/1984 Supplementary Information Updated 26/04/2016. A lighthouse has been operating on the Isle of May since 1635 in which year King Charles 1st granted a patent to James Maxwell of Innerwick and John and Alexander Cunningham of Barnes to erect a beacon on that island and to collect dues from shipping for its maintenance. The island was declared a National Nature Reserve in 1956.     Across Scotland>     TV/Radio>  Museums> There have been many improvements to the light since 1816. The first local lighthouse constructed was on the Calf of Man.  Humour> It was built in 1635 by James Maxwell of Innerwick and John Cunninghame of Barnes. Electrical power indeed proved to be the most penetrating form of light, although its superiority was much reduced in hazy weather. The buildings are now occupied by members of the Ornithological fraternity. The lighthouse became a "rock" station in August 1972, meaning that the keeper's families were no longer accommodated at the lighthouse but on the mainland, and a fully automatic one installed in March 1989 shortly before ownership of the island passed to the Nature Conservancy Council. The island’s coastline is rocky; its surface covers 140 acres and slopes gradually from vertical 150ft cliffs on the west side to sea level on the east.  Education>  Food/Drink> Lying on Scotland’s doorstep, the Isle of May has been a lighthouse island for more than 350 years and has three lighthouses including Scotland’s oldest lighthouse, the Beacon, which dates from 1636. Work began in June 1885 on the station on a elaborate scale. This act saw the disbanding of the settlement, and with the ravages of marauding invaders and the passage of time the buildings gradually fell into disrepair. A light was first exhibited from this small lighthouse in April 1844 to act, in conjunction with the main lighthouse, as a lights in line so that the mariner could avoid the treacherous North Carr Rock some seven miles north of the Island. Another smaller lighthouse, the Low Light was constructed a few hundred yards from the main light in 1843 to provide (with the main lighthouse) a pair of lights which would become aligned to help ships avoid the North Carr Rock 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) to the north of the island off Fife Ness. The modern light produces two white flashes every 15 seconds, and has a range of 41 kilometres (22 nmi) in good visibility. The 'low light' was built in 1844 to display a fixed light to the N. An attractive feature is the cast-iron panelling that fills the solid blind facets of the lantern; each has a pretty picture cut in relief. An instance of this occurred on the night of 19 December 1810 when two of HM Ships NYMPHE and PALLAS were wrecked near Dunbar because the light of a lime kiln on the coast had been mistaken for the navigation light on the Isle of May. The new lighthouse started operating on 1 September 1816, and is now a listed building. The beacon, the first permanently manned one in Scotland, was considered at the time to be one of the best in existence but used around 400 tons of coal per year, requiring three men to look after it. The Isle of May is located in the north of the outer Firth of Forth, approximately 8 km (5.0 mi) off the coast of mainland Scotland. Besides the lighthouses on the island, visitors will be able to explore the other structures that help a lighthouse island to function. Monitoring of the light is by UHF Radio monitor to Fife Ness Lighthouse then by PSTN to NLB Headquarters in George Street Edinburgh.  Traditional Festivals> ISLE OF MAY, ISLE OF MAY LIGHTHOUSE LB2712. 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