TOS4. For Indian Muslims, the Jama Masjid is considered the "National Mosque of India" respectively. Shah Jahan was equally interested in gardens. SHAH JAHAN. Growth of Art and Architecture During Post Independence Period in India! Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, better known by his regnal name, Shah Jahan, was the fifth Mughal emperor, and reigned from 1628 to 1658. Shah Jahan’s buildings are unmatched in exquisite beauty of form. 7. Some of the famous gardens laid out by him are the Wazir Bagh in Kashmir, Shalimar Gardens near Lahore, the Talkatora Bagh and Shalimar Gardens at Delhi. Taj Mahal is renowned primarily for its unrivaled Mughal structure. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Jahan_period_architecture&oldid=996088007, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1988, volume 10, p. 687, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 13:21. Shah Jahan commissioned many monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra, in which is entombed his favourite It is said to be the most beautiful monument built by the Mughal rulers and represents the zenith of the Mughal architecture. The charmful Mausoleum, built in pure and white marble, was erected by the emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The fort is built alongside the Yamuna River and stretches almost 2.5 km. Jama Masjid (Delhi) 4. Marked as one of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal is the best work ever produced by the Mughal architecture. Shah Jahan's active involvement in the design and production of Mughal architecture had far exceeded that of any other Mughal emperor. He was interred in the Taj Mahal, beside his beloved Mumtaz Mahal. Surviving buildings include Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, the Shalimar Gardens of Lahore, sections of the Lahore Fort(such as Sheesh Mahal, and Naulakha pavilion), and his Tomb of Jahangir. The famous Persian poet Firdausi has said about the beauty of ‘Diwan- i-khas’. During his reign, architecture reached its height and some of the principle works were: Taj Mahal-The finest example of architecture and mark of Love. The architectural beauty and magnificence of the Taj Mahal has never been surpassed. 5. They possess the lustre of a gem and light of the moon. Under the reign of Shah Jahan, however, there is an emphasis unprecedented in Mughal architecture in a graceful line structure and a harmonious balance between all the parts. Ustad Ahmad also known as Isa Khan, an architect in the court of Shah Jahan from Lahore is most often credited as the plan drawer of the Taj Mahal, based on a seventeenth century manuscript that claims that Ustad Ahmad was the architect of both the Taj Mahal … Shah Jahan is credited as the chief architect of the Taj Mahal. Agra fort is a UNESCO world heritage site in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Jama Masjid built at Delhi was constructed with red stone for the use of the royal family. 4. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Shah Jahan’s Beginnings. It is said that many European travelers would visit his empire just to learn the different techniques used in the construction of buildings. 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